If you factor out the radical excesses, we must recognize that the feminist movement has been able to achieve considerable gains in alignment (social / political) opportunities for men and women. Russian conquest of the Soviet period, the women’s movement provided the impetus for many countries. Although it should be noted that non-uniformity of the process. Thus, the formal representation of women in our government of the Soviet period gave way to an almost complete lack today. In the Duma – only 7% of women in the total number of deputies. The Council of the Federation to 2001 was presented only one woman, which clearly does not speak in favor of the democratic tendencies of the current political development.
Moreover, to achieve recognition, woman politician, as a rule, does not need to have feminine qualities of character. Political analysts have noted that in order to get the post, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher has demonstrated toughness, sharpness and uncompromising. About her saying that she has a male character and manners of street hawkers. The Russian women politicians also come to the forefront fighting spirit that manifests itself in the fact that even in the parliament, they may be members of a fight.
Temperament, the properties of the nervous system give individuality political behavior not only of the individual but also the masses. The explosive temperament Confederate leaders determines the style of performances and the heat of the political actions of ordinary citizens. Do politicians temperament gives shape to their deeds, and allows them to ignite their followers emotional experiences of political events, send them my vision of the past.
Temperament – an integral part of the personal performance style political role. So, stormy temperament can cause incontinence, leading to miscalculations in policy. In the story got an unpleasant episode in the UN, where Nikita Khrushchev pounded his shoe on the podium, demanding attention from the audience. Sluggishness of temperament can also do a disservice to the policy, which advocates criticized for lack of initiative and a slow response to the situation. Thus, the speaker of the Russian Duma G. Seleznev long recollected the lack of response to a fight in the hall, that he “did not notice”. More temperamental politician seems to have reacted more quickly.
Of general psychology knows that temperament is hereditary characteristic. However, their behavior is subject to change under the influence of the social environment, taking the forms that this culture considers acceptable.
Among the biological characteristics are taken into account in the policy and physical data, such as endurance, strength, efficiency, ability to overcome stress, etc. These biological parameters, though laid at the genetic level, but are at the same time and the result of man’s own efforts, training and will to overcome illnesses and disability. American president – Roosevelt – was confined to a wheelchair, the other – John F. Kennedy – wore tight corsets because of spinal surgery. However, both of these policies does not remember the Americans physical handicap. On the contrary, they have earned the gratitude of his fellow citizens as a strong-willed and visionary leadership, the image of which, contrary to biological determinism, was not destroyed.
Here we must make a reservation. What we found Kennedy and Roosevelt, not necessarily get from other politicians. External data are the basis for the perception of policy on the part of the public. This outer side of the personality is built into those of an ideal policy that exists in the public mind. Thick glasses, loose figure or high heels, designed to hide the low growth male politician can put an end to his career, despite some merit, recognized him by voters.
At the psychological level of the individual included items such as emotion, will, memory, ability, thinking and nature in general. Each of these can have an impact on political behavior. Thus, it is difficult to overestimate the role of emotions in politics, fear and joy, surprise and hatred, envy and greed, solidarity and competition – all these and many other emotions are not just accompany the policy, but often the driving forces behind it, especially when they take a massive scale. As a manifestation of the needs, emotions come to the most important mechanisms of action of political motivation. Thus, political psychologists who study leadership, mark an important role of the emotional sphere of politicians in their quest to make a career. Among the reasons they find a sense of duty and a desire for power, the desire to be recognized and a sense of inferiority, which can be offset by high social status.
The modern Russian political process is replete with examples of the impact of emotions on the policy. Suffice it to recall such episodes as the emotional struggle of the Union and the Russian government in 1990 and the conduct of members of the Emergency Committee before the cameras in August 1991, the meeting of Parliament, granted amnesty to participants in the August coup, and the negotiations of the Prime Minister BC Chernomyrdin with Chechen terrorists. There were also examples of strange emotions. Many political scientists could not explain the strange behavior of the crowd in front of the White House in Moscow at a time when it began to shoot tanks: people do not drift, as if did not understand the seriousness of what is happening and attended the performance. Such a loss of the sense of risk evidence of emotional pathology, which was the result of strong political impact of incentives.
Will – perhaps the most deliberate psychological element of personality. Without goals will not be achieved in any field. In politics, as will – it’s not just persistence in achieving goals. Political will means the ability to rise above petty personal and group interests to the national ones. Without political will not to go beyond the old political stereotypes and overcome the inertia of thinking. There is no doubt that one of the reasons for the collapse of the Communist Party, and later the Soviet Union was the lack of political will to reform the former government. They’re extremely easy, with virtually no resistance left the political scene as well, and their historical predecessors in imperial Russia in 1917 are no objective reasons can not explain this strange behavior of the elite, in addition, that they possessed a paralysis of will. Incomparable in importance, but also a manifestation of the loss of Russian governors will have demonstrated that, when the first manifestations of the will of a rigid President Vladimir Putin to create a vertical power immediately “lined up” and do not have to defend their regional and personal interests to the federal government. This was clearly expressed by the paralysis of political will.
This psychological phenomenon as memory, has a policy of major importance. First, no doubt a good memory is a necessary quality of a leader who has to pass through your mind a huge amount of information. We are not talking about a simple memorization, and the ability to select and store certain blocks of information that is relevant to the nature of the activities. It is known that the policy is of particular importance to the memory of the people on the face, on the manifestation of their loyalty, that is, the fact that on an intuitive level, allow them to develop towards colleagues and opponents.
Second, the political psychology of the phenomenon of interest historical memory of the people, certain groups of people. If in the Soviet period, the domestic political stories often people hide even from their closest noble origin, in recent years, descendants of noble families can be found surprisingly often.